1. Welfare of the client

1.1. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists respect the integrity and protect the welfare of the people and groups with whom they work. When conflicts of interest arise between clients and psychotherapists’ employing institutions, psychotherapists clarify the nature and direction of their loyalties and responsibilities and keep all parties informed of their commitments.

Psychoanalytic psychotherapists fully inform clients as to the purpose and nature of any evaluative treatment, educational, or training procedure, and they openly acknowledge that clients, students, trainees, or participants in research have freedom of choice with regard to participation. Coercion of people to participate or to remain in receipt of services is unethical.

1.2. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists are continually cognizant of their own needs and of their potentially influential position towards persons such as clients, students, and trainees. They avoid exploiting the trust and dependency of such persons.

1.3. Psychoanalytic psychotherapist should be continually aware of their conscious and unconscious motivations to enter and continue in their profession and practice. Generally, practitioners are required to maintain their ability to perform competently, and to take the necessary steps to do so. This includes notably keeping abreast of current clinical and theoretical advances in the field. In particular, each practitioner is expected to maintain a programme of ongoing professional development.

1.4. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists make every effort to avoid dual relationships that could impair their professional judgment or increase the risk of exploitation. Examples of such dual relationships include, but are not limited to, professional treatment of or research with employees, students, supervisees, close friends, or relatives. Sexual intimacies with any such clients, students, trainees and research participants are unethical.

1.5. The psychoanalytic psychotherapist must refrain from practicing if his/her physical or psychological condition is seriously impaired, for example, as a result of alcohol, drugs, illness, or personal stress. In such a situation, the practitioner must ensure appropriate referring-on of their clients and seek professional and/or psychotherapeutic help as appropriate.

1.6.. When a psychoanalytic psychotherapist agrees to provide services to a client at the request of a third party, the psychoanalytic psychotherapist assumes the responsibility of clarifying the nature of the relationships to all parties concerned.

1.7. Professional relationships between psychoanalytic psychotherapist and patient begin with their first contact and continue during the treatment and then in post-analytic phase. The Code of Ethics guides the practitioners’ conduct towards their patients during the treatment and three years after its termination.

1.8. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists have the right to choose techniques of treatment and its setting. They should inform patients that the therapy is a kind of dialogue and that all feelings and wishes are to be put into words. In order to help the patient in this modality verbal communication is used, as well as non-verbal communication that can be translated into verbal one.

1.9. During a session the patients have a right to express verbally all their thoughts and feelings. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists should explore patient’s thoughts about – and feelings towards – them. Patient’s right to express any feelings should not be constrained by inadequate or improper use of interpretations; it should not be labelled pathological. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists have a right to use other appropriate means to counteract offensive behaviour from patient’s part and to set boundaries of therapeutic work.

1.10. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists engage in therapeutic relationships with patients and facilitate these relationships through a psychoanalytic methodology Patients have a right to verbalize their reactions to the relationships. The aim of this unrestricted verbalization is to explore patient’s defences as they express themselves in therapy.

1.11. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists should use diagnostic sessions to explore patient’s request and decide if they can be helpful to the patient.

1.12. The psychoanalytic psychotherapist must consider whether his/her own method of practicing is appropriate for the particular patient and the patient’s particular presenting symptoms and profile. At this stage the practitioner should refer on appropriately if this appears to be in the client’s best interest and will benefit the client.

Psychoanalytic psychotherapists terminate a clinical or consulting relationship whenever the client requires. They offer to help the client locate alternative sources of assistance.

1.13. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists have the right to refuse a patient if they consider the latter’s request unrealistic or harmful for the patient, for themselves or for general public.

1.14. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists should actively counteract ideas and actions that humiliate patient’s dignity in respect to their ethnicity, race, gender, sexual orientation, religion or socioeconomic status.

 

2. Moral and Legal Standards

2.1. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists’ moral and ethical standards of behaviour are a personal matter to the same degree as they are for any other citizen, except where these may compromise the fulfilment of their professional responsibilities or reduce the public trust in psychotherapy & psychotherapists. Regarding their own personal behaviour, psychoanalytic psychotherapists are sensitive to prevailing community standards and to the possible impact that conformity to or deviation from these standards may have upon the quality of their performance as professionals. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists are also aware of the possible impact of their public behaviour upon the ability of colleagues to perform their professional duties.

2.2. As employees or employers, psychoanalytic psychotherapists do not engage in or condone any practices that are inhumane or that result in illegal or unjustifiable actions. Such practices include, but are not limited to, those based on considerations of race, handicap, age, gender, sexual preference, religion, or national origin, in practice, in hiring, promotion, or training.

2.3. In their professional roles, psychoanalytic psychotherapists avoid any action that will violate or diminish the human, legal and civil rights of clients or others who may be affected.

2.4. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists do not exploit their professional relationships with clients, supervisees, students, employees or research participants. Practitioners are required to maintain appropriate boundaries within these professional relationships, taking care not to exploit their clients, current or past, financially, sexually, or emotionally.

2.5. When psychoanalytic psychotherapists know of an ethical violation by another psychotherapist, and it seems appropriate, they informally attempt to resolve the issue by bringing the behaviour to the attention of the psychotherapist. If the misconduct is of a minor nature and/or appears to be due to lack of sensitivity, knowledge, or experience, such an informal solution is usually appropriate. Such informal corrective efforts are made with sensitivity to any rights to confidentiality involved. If the violation does not seem amenable to an informal solution, or is of a more serious nature, psychoanalytic psychotherapists bring it to the attention of the appropriate institution, association or committee on professional ethics and conduct.

 

3. Agreement and Frame of Treatment

3.1. The interests of patients’ and both the safety of the public and of the psychoanalytic psychotherapist determine professional conduct.

3.2. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists clarify in advance with their clients all matters that might pertain to their working together. They avoid relationships that may limit their objectivity or create a conflict of interest.

3.3 Agreement defines therapeutic relationships as mutual enterprise in which professional knowledge and skills of psychoanalytic psychotherapist are used for the understanding of the patients’ conscious and unconscious motivation in order to resolve their problems.

3.4. The preliminary agreement includes matters such as the length and frequency of sessions, their place and time, the fees and terms of payment. Other points of agreement are discussed when necessary in the process of treatment: for instance, cancelling sessions, payment for missed sessions, etc.

3.5. Psychoanalytic treatment is based upon patient’s informed consent and participation in the process.

3.6. Professional ethics forbids any kind of patient’s exploitation for the benefit of the psychoanalytic psychotherapist. It is unethical for psychoanalytic psychotherapists to have aggressive or sexual physical contact with patients even with their consent.

3.7. Patients cannot be treated against their will or without their consent. This holds true for children; in these cases their parents’ or caretakers’ consent is also required. The psychoanalytic psychotherapist has a separate agreement with a child. The child’s rights cannot be violated by the psychoanalytic psychotherapist having an agreement with the parents without the child’s consent.

 

4. Confidentiality and Notes

4.1. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists have a primary obligation to respect the confidentiality of information obtained from persons in the course of their work.

4.2. Revelation of any patient’s confidences without their written consent is a serious violation of professional ethics. If the psychoanalytic psychotherapist has to use a patient’s material for presentations, scientific papers, etc., the identity of the patient must be sufficiently disguised. The only exception is the case when psychoanalytic psychotherapists consider keeping confidentiality potentially dangerous for the patient, other people or the general public. Psychoanalytic psychotherapist should try to keep balance between confidentiality and public safety.

4.3. Patients should be informed about the confidentiality of their material and conditions when it can be broken.

4.4 Confidentiality is kept for an unlimited period. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists make provisions for maintaining confidentiality in the storage and disposal of records, and in the event of their own unavailability.

4.5. When working with minors or other persons who are unable to give their voluntary informed consent, psychoanalytic psychotherapists take special care to protect the best interests of these person’s and consult others involved appropriately.

 

5. Structuring the relationship with the client

5.1. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists are paid by the patient only for the work done and for the time spend. The fee is agreed in an open discussion with patient and should be mutually acceptable.

5.2. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists don’t pay – and are not paid – commission when they refer patients to other specialists/colleagues, or receive referrals.

5.3. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists are required to disclose their qualifications when requested, and not to claim, or imply, qualifications they do not possess.

5.4. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists are required to disclose their terms and conditions and (when appropriate) their method of practice, at the outset of psychotherapy.

5.5. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists must give adequate notice of any changes in the scheduling of treatment, and of planned breaks.

 

6. Professional Competence

6.1. The maintenance of high standards of competence is a responsibility shared by all psychoanalytic psychotherapists in the interest of the public and the profession as a whole. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists recognise the boundaries of their competence and the limitations of their techniques. They only provide services and use techniques for which they are qualified by training and experience. In those areas in which recognised standards do not yet exist, psychoanalytic psychotherapists take whatever precautions are necessary to protect the welfare of their clients. They maintain knowledge of current health, scientific and professional information related to the services they provide.

6.2. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists recognize the many orientations present in the psychoanalytic field of practice and theory. They also recognize other psychotherapeutic modalities. They are keen to broaden their knowledge and skills by being interested by new theories, techniques and knowledge in their own modality and in other humanistic and scientific approaches.

6.3. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists recognise the need for continuing professional education and personal development and are open to new procedures and changes in expectations and values over time.

6.4. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists continually strive to improve their professional competence, participate in conferences, assemblies, workshops and seminars on psychotherapy and psychoanalysis.

6.5. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists are responsible for their work and shouldn’t go beyond the limits of their competence. In case of retirement, illness or termination of a treatment they can delegate their functions only to those specialists whose professional training and experience make them competent enough to perform them.

6.6. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists practice in their country in accordance with existing rules and regulations concerning their profession, title and level of legal competence.

6.7. If psychoanalytic psychotherapists are not competent enough in diagnosis, therapeutic methodology or any other issues connected to a patient’s health protection, their professional responsibility and moral duty are to consult colleagues from allied specializations. Systematic consultations should be provided to – and taken from – the colleagues for the patient’s benefit, not for psychoanalytic psychotherapist’s benefit. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists should not refuse to provide professional help to their colleagues.

6.8. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists recognise differences among people, such as those that may be associated with age, sex, socio-economic and ethnic backgrounds or the special needs of those who might have been specifically disadvantaged. They obtain suitable training, experience, or advice to assure competent and appropriate service when relating to all such persons.

6.9. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists who are responsible for decisions involving individuals or policies based on test research results need to have an understanding of psychological or educational measurement, validation problems, and test research.

6.10. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists recognise that personal problems and conflicts may interfere with professional effectiveness. Accordingly they refrain from undertaking any activity in which their personal problems are likely to lead to inadequate performance or harm to a client, colleague, student, or research participant. If engaged in such activity when they become aware of their personal problems, they seek competent professional assistance to determine whether they should suspend, terminate, or limit the scope of their professional activities.

6.11. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists should avail of supervision and use any possibilities to get supervision when it can improve quality of treatment and its results. During psychoanalytic training candidates are responsible for quality and quantity of their personal analysis and supervision in accordance with ECPP standards of training.

6.12. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists entering into new fields of activity ensure that they have completed all the training and professional requirements related to that field of activity prior to practising, and that their activity in this new field is of the highest possible standard. They ensure that there is no dilution of, confusion or conflict with any current activity.

 

7. Advertising and Public Statements

7.1. Public statements, announcements of services, advertising, and promotional activities of psychoanalytic psychotherapists serve the purpose of helping the public make informed judgments and choices. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists represent accurately and objectively their professional qualifications, affiliations, and functions, as well as those of the institutions or organisations with which they or their statements may be associated. In public statements providing psychotherapeutic information or professional opinions or providing information about the availability of techniques, products, publications, and services, psychoanalytic psychotherapists base their statements on generally acceptable findings and techniques with full recognition of the limits and uncertainties of such evidence.

7.2. When announcing or advertising professional services, psychoanalytic psychotherapists may list the following information to describe the provider and services provided: name, highest relevant academic degree or training certificate earned from an accredited institution, date, type, award of the ECP, membership of psychotherapy and psychoanalysis organisations and professionally relevant or related bodies. They may also include address, telephone number, office hours, a brief listing of the type of psychological services offered, an appropriate presentation of fee information, foreign languages spoken, policy with regards to insurance or third party payments and other brief & pertinent information. Additional relevant or important consumer information may be included if not prohibited by other sections of these Ethical Principles.

7.3. In announcing or advertising the availability of psychotherapeutic services or publications, psychoanalytic psychotherapists do not present their affiliation with any organisation in a manner that falsely implies sponsorship or certification by that organisation. In particular and for example, psychoanalytic psychotherapists do not state European, national registration or institutional or associational status in a way to suggest that such status implies specialised professional competence or qualifications.

Public statements can include, but are not limited to, communication by means of periodical, book, list, directory, internet, television, radio, or motion picture. They do not contain (i) a false, fraudulent, misleading, or unfair statement; (ii) a misinterpretation of fact or a statement likely to mislead. (iii) a testimonial from a patient regarding the quality of a psychotherapist’s services or products; (iv) a statement intended or likely to create false or unjustified expectations of favourable results; (v) a statement falsely implying unusual, unique, or one-of-a-kind abilities ; (vi) a statement intended or likely to appeal to a client’s fears, anxieties, or emotions concerning the possible results of failure to obtain the offered services; (vii) a statement concerning the comparative desirability of offered services; (viii) a statement of direct solicitation of individual clients.

7.4. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists do not compensate or give anything of value to a representative of the press, radio, television, or other communication medium in anticipation of or in return for professional publicity in a news item. A paid advertisement must be identified as such, unless it is apparent from the context that it is a paid advertisement. If communicated to the public by use of radio or television an advertisement is approved for broadcast by the psychoanalytic psychotherapist. Copies of advertisements and recordings of broadcasts are retained by the psychoanalytic psychotherapist.

7.5. Announcements or advertisements of “personal growth groups,” special-interest group sessions, courses, clinics, trainings and agencies give a clear statement of purpose and a clear description of the experiences or training to be provided. The education, training, and experience of the staff members are appropriately specified and available prior to the commencement of the group, training course or services. A clear statement of fees and any contractual implications is available before participation.

7.6. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists associated with the development or promotion of psychotherapeutic techniques, products, books, or other such items offered for commercial sale make reasonable efforts to ensure that announcements and advertisements are presented in a professional, scientifically acceptable, ethical and factually informative manner.

7.7. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists do not participate for personal gain in commercial announcements or advertisements recommending to the public the purchase or use of proprietary or single-source products or services when that participation is based solely upon their identification as psychotherapists.

7.8. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists present the science and art of psychotherapy and offer their services, products, and publications fairly and accurately, avoiding misrepresentation through sensationalism, exaggeration, or superficiality. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists are guided by the primary obligation to aid the public in developing informed judgments, opinions, and choices.

7.9. A psychoanalytic psychotherapist accepts the obligation to correct others who represent his or hers professional qualifications, or associations with products or services, in a manner incompatible with these guidelines.

7.10. When personal advice is given by means of public lectures or demonstrations, newspaper or magazine articles, radio or television programs, mail, or similar media, the psychoanalytic psychotherapist utilises the most current relevant data and exercises the highest level of professional judgment.

7.11. Products that are described or presented by means of public lectures or demonstrations, newspaper or magazine articles, radio or television programs, mail, or similar media meet the same recognised standards as exist for products used in the context of a professional relationship.

 

8. Research, Training Activities and Publication

8.1. As practitioners, teachers, trainers and researchers, psychoanalytic psychotherapists are aware of the fact that their personal values may affect their communication, the use of techniques, selection and presentation of views or materials and the nature or implementation of research. When dealing with topics that may give offence, they recognise and respect the diverse attitudes and individual sensitivities that clients, students, trainees or subjects may have towards such matters.

8.2. As teachers or trainers, psychoanalytic psychotherapists recognise their primary obligation to help others acquire knowledge and skill. They maintain high standards of scholarship by presenting information objectively, fully, and accurately.

8.3. As teachers, psychoanalytic psychotherapists ensure that statements in catalogues and course outlines are accurate and not misleading, particularly in terms of subject matter to be covered, bases for evaluating progress, and the nature of course experiences.

Announcements, brochures or advertisements describing workshops, seminars, or other educational programs accurately describe the audience for which the program is intended as well as eligibility requirements, educational objectives, and nature of the materials to be covered. These announcements also accurately represent the education, training, and experience of the psychoanalytic psychotherapists presenting the programs and any fees involved.

8.4. As researchers, psychoanalytical psychotherapists accept responsibility for the selection of their research topics and methods used in investigation, analysis and reporting. They plan their research in ways to minimise the possibility that their findings will be misleading. They provide thorough discussion of the limitations of their data, especially where their work touches on social policy or might be construed to the detriment of persons in specific age, sex, ethnic, socioeconomic, or other social groups.

8.5. In conducting research in institutions or organisations psychoanalytic psychotherapists secure appropriate authorisation to conduct such research. They are aware of their obligation to future research workers and ensure that host institutions receive adequate information about the research and proper acknowledgements of their contributions.

8.6. Public announcements or advertisements soliciting research participants in which clinical services or other professional services are offered as an inducement make clear the nature of the services as well as the costs and other obligations to be accepted by participants in the research.

8.7. In publishing reports of their work, they never suppress disconfirming data, and they acknowledge the existence of alternative hypotheses and explanations of their findings. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists take credit only for the work they have actually done. They clarify in advance with all appropriate persons and agencies the expectations for sharing and utilising research data.

8.8. Publication credit is assigned to those who have contributed to a publication in proportion to their professional contributions. Major contributions of a professional character made by several persons to a common project are recognised by joint authorship with the individual who made the principle contribution listed first. Minor contributions of a professional character and extensive clerical or similar non-professional assistance may be acknowledged in footnotes or in an introductory statement. Acknowledgement through specific citations is made for unpublished as well as published material that has directly influenced the research or writing. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists who compile and edit material of others for publication publish the material in the name of the originating group, if appropriate, with their own name appearing as chairperson or editor. All contributors are acknowledged and named.

 

9. Assessment Techniques

9.1. In the development, publication, and utilisation of psychotherapeutic or psychological assessment techniques, psychoanalytic psychotherapists make every effort to promote the welfare and best interests of the client. They guard against the misuse of assessment results. They respect the client’s right to know the results, the interpretations made, and the bases for their conclusions and recommendations. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists make every effort to maintain the security of tests and other assessment techniques within the limits of legal mandates. They strive to ensure the appropriate use of assessment techniques by others.

9.2. In using assessment techniques, psychoanalytic psychotherapists respect the right of clients to have full explanations of the nature and purpose of the techniques in language the clients can understand, unless an explicit exception to this right has been agreed upon in advance. When the explanations are to be provided by others, psychoanalytic psychotherapists establish procedures for ensuring the adequacy of these explanations.

9.3. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists responsible for the development and standardisation of psychological tests and other assessment techniques utilise established scientific procedures and observe the relevant EAP ECPP, national, and institutional or organisational standards.

9.4. In reporting assessment results, psychoanalytic psychotherapists indicate any reservations that exist regarding the validity or reliability because of the circumstances of the assessment or the inappropriateness of the norms for the person tested. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists strive to ensure that the results of assessments and their interpretations are not misused by others.

9.5. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists recognise that assessment results may become obsolete and do not represent a complete picture of the assessed. They make every effort to avoid and prevent the misuse of obsolete measures or incomplete assessments.

9.6. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists offering scoring and interpretation services are able to produce appropriate evidence for the validity of the programs and procedures used in arriving at interpretations. The public offering of an interpretation service is considered a professional-to-professional consultation. Psychotherapists make every effort to avoid misuse of assessment reports.

9.7. Psychoanalytic psychotherapists do not encourage or promote the use of psychotherapeutic or psychological assessment techniques by inappropriately trained or otherwise unqualified persons through teaching, sponsorship, or supervision.

 

10. Applied Research

10.1. The decision to undertake research rests upon a considered judgment by the individual psychoanalytic psychotherapist about how best to contribute to human science and human welfare. Having made the decision to conduct research, the psychotherapist considers alternative directions in which research energies and resources might be invested. On the basis of this consideration, the psychoanalytic psychotherapist carries out the investigation with respect and concern for the dignity and welfare of the people who participate and with cognizance of regulations and professional standards governing the conduct of research with human participants.

10.2. In planning a study, the psychoanalytic psychotherapist who carries out the investigation (the investigator) has the responsibility to make a careful evaluation of its ethical acceptability. To the extent that the weighing of scientific and human values suggests a compromise of any principle, the investigator incurs a correspondingly serious obligation to seek ethical advice and observe stringent safeguards to protect the rights of human participants.

10.3. Considering whether a participant in a planned study will be a “subject at risk” or a “subject at minimal risk”, according to recognised standards, is of primary ethical concern to the investigator.

10.4. The investigator always retains the responsibility for ensuring ethical practice in research. The investigator is also responsible for the ethical treatment of research participants by collaborators, assistants, students, and employees, all of whom, however, incur similar obligations.

10.5. Except in minimal-risk research, the investigator establishes a clear and fair agreement with research participants, prior to their participation, that clarifies the obligation and responsibilities of each. The investigator has the obligation to honour all promises and commitments in that agreement. The investigator informs the participants of all aspects of the research that might reasonably be expected to influence willingness to participate and explains all other aspects of the research about which the participants inquire. Failure to make full disclosure prior to obtaining informed consent requires additional safeguards to protect the welfare and the dignity of the research participants. Research with children or with participants who have impairments that would limit understanding and/or communication requires special safeguarding procedures.

10.6. Methodological requirements of a study may make the use of concealment necessary. Before conducting such a study, the investigator has a special responsibility to (i) determine whether the use of such techniques is justified by the study’s prospective scientific, educational, or implied value; (ii) determine whether alternative procedures are available that do not use concealment; and (iii) ensure that the participants are provided with sufficient explanation as soon as possible.

There exists a presumption not to use such techniques.

10.7. The investigator respects the individual’s freedom to decline to participate in or withdraw from the research at any time. The obligation to protect this freedom requires careful thought and consideration when the investigator is in a position of authority or influence over the participant. Such positions of authority include, but are not limited to, situations in which research participation is required as part of employment or in which the participant is a student, client, or employee of the investigator. The rights of the individual predominate over the needs of the investigator to complete the research.

10.8. The investigator protects the participant from physical and mental discomfort, harm, and danger that may arise from research procedures. If risks of such consequences exist, the investigator informs the participant of that fact.

Research procedures likely to cause serious or lasting harm to a participant are not used unless the failure to use these procedures might expose the participant to risk of greater harm, or unless the research has great potential benefit and fully informed and voluntary consent is obtained from each participant. The participant should be informed of procedures for contacting the investigator within a reasonable time period following participation, should stress, potential harm, or related questions or concerns arise. Consent obtained from the participant does not limit their legal rights or reduce the investigator’s legal responsibilities.

10.9. After the data are collected, the investigator provides the participant with information about the nature of the study and attempts to remove any misconceptions that may have arisen. Where scientific or humane values justify delaying or withholding this information, the investigator incurs a special responsibility to monitor the research and to ensure that there are no damaging consequences for the participant.

10.10. Where research procedures result in undesirable consequences for the individual participant, the investigator has the responsibility to detect and remove or correct these consequences, including long-term effects.

10.11. Information obtained about a research participant during the course of an investigation is confidential unless otherwise agreed upon in advance. When the possibility exists that others may obtain access to such information, this possibility, together with the plans for protecting confidentiality, is explained to the participant as part of the procedure for obtaining informed consent.

 

 

 

 

Code of Internal Policies

Version 31/03/ 2011

• Chapter 1: Members of ECPP

1.1. In order to apply for membership the candidate must address a letter to the ECPP Secretary with the duly filled Application Form and a brief CV. The membership is accepted, postponed or rejected by the Board with a single majority vote.

1.2. Each member of ECPP accepts the Statutes and adheres to the Ethics Code of ECPP.

1.3. All documents and decisions concerning the admission procedure are handled in a way that preserves confidentiality.

1.4. Each member of ECPP (with exception of honorary members) has to pay the annual membership fee. Each member has a vote in the General Meeting of ECPP. Every certified member of ECPP can be elected for the Board of ECPP.

1.5. Members are either individual, or organizational members.

1.5.1 Individual members:
a. Member:
Everyone who is involved in the psychoanalytic field.

b. Certified member:
– Everyone whose training meets the training guidelines of the ECPP
and certified by the Certification and Accreditation Committee.
– Everyone who is an ECP-Holder for psychoanalytic psychotherapy.

c. Honorary member:

Everyone who is invited by the board of ECPP to become an honorary member.
1.5.2 Annual membership fee for individual members: 50 euros

1.5.3 Organizational members:
a. Member:
A professional organisation which works in the psychoanalytic field
and would like to cooperate with ECPP.

b. Accredited Psychoanalytic Training Institute (APTI):
An organization accredited in accordance with ECPP’s APTI Code

c. National Branch:
An organization accredited in accordance with ECPP’s criteria for National Branch.

1.5.4. Annual membership fees for organizational members:

 Categories of organizational membership Annual membership fee (euro) depending on amount of members 
less than 50 members 51-100Members 101-150Members 151-200Members 201-250MembersMore than 251 members
 Member 250 500 750 1000 1250 1500 
Accredited Training Institute 375 750 1000 1500 2000 2500
 National Branch 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 

1.6.A member may leave the Association willingly at any time. He can also be dismissed for non-payment of two consecutive annual fees (Statutes 5.2.2) or following a decision made by the Ethics Committee and ratified by the Board concerning a breach of the Ethics Code (Statutes 5.2.3). 

1.7. A Register of all members will be held and published on the Website. It will clearly distinguish the members who are Certified Practitioner, Certified Supervisor or Certified Training Analyst.

1.8. Members who are not certified by ECPP are asked not to describe their category of membership in a way that could create a confusion regarding their status.

• Chapter 2: The Board

2.1. The Statutes regulate election, composition, renewal of members and voting. Once installed the Board elects a President, the Vice-Presidents, a Treasurer and a Secretary.

2.2. The Board elects the members of the various Committees for a period of a maximum two years, not exceeding the period for which the Board has been elected.

2.3. The Board elects the National Representatives.

2.4. The Board fixes yearly the membership fees and the certification fees.

2.5. In accordance with the Statutes Board members are re-eligible.

• Chapter 3: Executive Committee

3.1. The Board has decided to institute an Executive Committee in charge of all its current matters and future developments It is comprised of the President, the Vice-Presidents, the Treasurer and the Secretary. 

3.2. The Executive Committee is responsible to the Board.

3.3. Decisions are taken unanimously. In case of disagreement, the matter will be handed over directly to the Board.

3.4. Proposals for decisions and minutes of taken decisions will be presented and put on the agenda of the next Board Meeting.

• Chapter 4: Membership Committee

4.1. The Membership Committee (M. Com) is composed of at least four Board Members elected and can be dismissed by the Board. They elect a Chairperson. 
The M. Com. bears the responsibility to organize its activities in the most suitable and efficient way.
The M. Com. will report about its activities at the Board meetings and yearly at the General Meeting.

4.2. The M. Com. is primarily dealing with all procedures and matters related to the acceptance of new individual or organizational members, the scrutinizing of their application and their registration in the Database of ECPP.

4.3. Procedure:
Applications are sent by the Secretary to the Chair of M. Com.
The M.Com. examines the application and requests information on the reputation of the applicant to the National Representative or the National Branch in the concerned country who shall reply within 6 weeks.
Decision is then taken to accept, refuse or postpone the application; the M. Com. informs the applicant (in case of approval, instructions for the payment of the membership fee are also given) with copy to all the members of the Executive Committee.
The M. Com. will register all relevant information in the Database and inform the Webmaster to add the new member on the website.

4.4. All decisions are taken by hand voting or electronic voting, or by secret voting upon request of any member for a secret procedure.
The voting is on a simple majority basis. In case of a tied vote the Chairperson has an extra vote.

4.5. A member of the Committee will immediately inform the other members if any matter arises that is or might be perceived to be a conflict of interest concerning him or a person close to him, and will withdraw from voting.

4.6. Members of the Committee make all efforts to respect the confidentiality of their work, except in their reporting to the Board or other bodies of ECPP. 

4.7. The Committee may appoint experts to examine or clarify matters.

4.8. If exceptional costs are to be incurred for the performance of its activities, the Committee must inform the Board in advance.

4.9. Postponed or refused applicants have the right to appeal to the Board for a final overruling decision.

• Chapter 5: Certification and Accreditation Committee (C.A.Committee)

5.1. The C.A.Committee is composed of at least four Board Members elected and dismissible by the Board. They elect a Chairperson.
The C.A.Committee bears the responsibility to organize its activities in the most suitable and efficient way.
The C.A.Committee will report about its activities at the Board meetings and yearly at the General Meeting.

5.2. The C.A.Committee is primarily dealing with all procedures and matters related to the certification of individual members (as practitioner, supervisor or training analyst) and to the accreditation of training institutes.
The Board may also charge the C.A.Committee with the scrutinizing of applications for membership and applications for National Branches or Representatives.

5.3. Procedures and criteria for certification of individual members and accreditation of training institutes are contained in the Certification and Accreditation Code (C.A.Code).

5.4. All decisions are taken by hand voting or electronic voting, or by secret voting upon request of any member for a secret procedure.
The voting is on a simple majority basis. In case of a tied vote the Chairperson has an extra vote.

5.5. A member of the Committee will immediately inform the other members if any matter arises that is or might be perceived to be a conflict of interest concerning him or a person close to him, and will withdraw from voting.

5.6. Members of the Committee make all efforts to respect the confidentiality of their work, except in their reporting to the Board.

5.7. The Committee may appoint experts to examine or clarify matters.

5.8. If exceptional costs are to be incurred for the performance of its activities, the Committee must inform the Board in advance.

• Chapter 6: Ethics Code

6.1. The ECPP adopts an Ethics Code that fully complies with the EAP principles and requirements.
It applies to all members of ECPP, except only when it would infringe upon a national Law.
Certified members must attest in writing their adherence to this Ethics Code with regard to their professional practice.

6.2. Following the EAP principles and recommendations, the ECPP is fully concerned with all ethical matters and issues concerning psychotherapy and is committed to promote ethical awareness in the professional practice of its members.
The ECPP:
– makes all efforts to ensure that ethical matters are part of the training of psychotherapists willing to become a member of the association;
– asks its members to remain fully cognizant of the ethical weight of their actions as psychotherapists;
– asks its members to continuously develop their training in the ethical field;
– organizes or participates to congresses, seminars, courses, lectures, workshops on ethic;
– provides its members with information about ethical topics (publications, congresses, guidelines,…) and keeps them informed of recommendations made by the Ethics Committee of ECPP;
– recommends that its practicing members are appropriately covered by a professional insurance.

6.3. The Board institutes an Ethics Committee charged with all ethical matters.

• Chapter 7: Ethics Committee

7.1. The Ethics Committee is composed of at least four Board Members, elected and dismissible by the Board. They elect a Chairperson.
The Ethics Committee bears the responsibility to organize its activities in the most suitable and efficient way.
The Ethics Committee will report about its activities at the Board meetings and yearly at the General Meeting.

7.2. Tasks and procedures:

The Ethics Committee is charged with all matters related to ethics. It will give advice and support to the Board and to the members in this field.

7.2.1. Its tasks include amongst others, to ensure the updating and application of the Ethics Code; to ensure that the functioning and procedures of the Association do not breach ethical principles; to ensure the promotion of good ethical practice in adherence to the ethical code ;to organize activities and initiatives in support of the adherence and understanding of the Association’s code of ethics ; to ensure a clear and sound communication of ethical matters helpful to the members (such as congresses, seminars, publications, …); to make members more cognizant of ethical issues, either professional or personal; to give advice to the Board about all questions raised or problems encountered by a member in its professional practice.

7.2.2. The Ethics Committee is also charged with responsibility to examine complaints concerning members.
According to the Statutes (5.2.3.) the Board must ratify all decisions taken by the Ethics Committee. This latter must provide the Board with full report and advice about the complaint and the appropriated measures the Board should consider taking.

7.2.3. The Ethics Committee may also be charged with reconciliation or mediation functions.

7.2.4. All decisions are taken by hand voting or electronic voting, or by secret voting upon request of any member for a secret procedure.
Except for complaints, the voting is on a simple majority basis. In case of a tied vote the Chairperson has an extra vote.

7.2.5. Should exceptional costs be expected for the right examination of a complaint or other ethical matter, the Ethics Committee must inform the Board in advance and advise how and by whom these costs should be paid.

7.3. Complaint’s procedure:

7.3.1. A complaint concerning a member of ECPP can be lodged by an other member or by a concerned third party. The complaint must be addressed in writing to the attention of the President of ECPP.

7.3.2. The President will upon receipt convoke the Ethics Committee in order to examine whether the complaint is receivable and has clear grounds based on a breach of the ethics code.
In such a case the Ethics Committee is charged with the gathering of all necessary information and the hearing of all parties involved, enabling the Committee to give full advice to the Board within a time limit of twelve months.
One or several members are mandated by the Ethics Committee for investigations and are given clear instructions on the contents and the limitations of their respective functions.

7.3.3. All members involved in a complaint’s examination by the Ethics Committee are called upon to collaborate promptly, to give the required information and to present themselves when summoned. This applies only when it is reasonably feasible and when it does not jeopardise their rights in any other procedural or legal actions that they are or could be involved in.

7.3.4. The Ethics Committee may appoint experts to examine or clarify matters.

7.3.5. The Ethics Committee gives a confidential report to the Board that either will settle the dispute by giving an advice or an injunction to the concerned member, or will decide to ratify the decision of the Ethics Committee to suspend or exclude the member (Statutes 5.2.3.).

All decisions taken by the Board in this respect are written in the minutes and the concerned member will be notified either by registered mail, or during a meeting with a duly mandated Board member.
The member concerned will have 30 days notice from the date of the letter or the meeting, to appeal this decision and ask to be given a hearing by the Board. (After this, and in accordance with the Statutes, any party involved is entitled to bring the matter to the General Meeting whose decision shall be final.)

7.3.6. In case of a complaint lodged by a third party, the Ethics Committee will inform this third party on the progress of the procedure and on the final decision taken, in the most appropriate way.

7.3.7. Members of the Ethics Committee make all efforts to respect the confidentiality of their work, except in their reporting to the Board.

7.3.8. A member of the Ethics Committee will withdraw from voting if he is personally involved (or concerned) in the complaint, or if the complaint concerns a person close to him. The Committee may also ask him to withdraw from the discussions.

7.3.9. Decisions are taken unanimously. In case of disagreement, the complaint’s examination will be handed over directly to the Board that will decide by a simple majority vote.

7.3.10. When a final decision of dismissal concerns an ECP holder, the ECPP will inform EAP through the Registrar and send a confidential report asking for the excluded member to be removed from the European Register. An anticipative and provisory suspension of the European Register can be asked if the circumstances justify such action.

• Chapter 8: Status of ECPP Past-President

8.1. Any ECPP member who had ever been elected ECPP President is awarded the status of honorary ECPP Past-President.

8.2. ECPP President becomes honorary Past-President when the next President-elect is installed.

8.3. ECPP Past-President is granted permanent honorary membership of ECPP and can be invited to Board meetings, commissions and committees to provide advice on issues as they arise. The honorary status of ECPP Past-President is revoked only if the person is re-elected as ECPP President or s/he is no longer a member of ECPP.

8.4. ECPP Past-President may be invited by the Board to chair temporary committees or commissions set up to consider specific issues that may arise from time to time.

8.5. ECPP Past-President is awarded lifelong status of Honorable Member of ECPP and is freed from membership payment.  

• Chapter 9: Relations with ECPP National Branches

9.1. ECPP has decided to encourage the founding of a National Branch in European countries in order to support and promote its principles and goals. Only one National Branch is allowed in each country. An ECPP Board Member must be amongst the founders of a National Branch.

9.2. A National Branch must be an association in good standing, with statutes, regulations and policies compatible with those of ECPP.

9.3. Authorizations to create such National Branch and to use the name and logo of ECPP are only given after a duly informed approval by the Board ratified by the General Meeting.

9.4. A National Branch will bear the name of “ECPP + name of the country”. (eventually with another additional name)

9.5. A National Branch will make all efforts to preserve the reputation of ECPP and will be liable for any damage to its reputation. It will strictly follow the decisions, rules and standards of ECPP. It will use only the ECPP criteria for any certification or accreditation purposes.

9.6. A National Branch will report each year during the General Meeting about its annual activities. It will report to the Board when requested to by the Board.

9.7. ECPP has the right to withdraw the authorization to use the name and logo ECPP at any time, provided it has been voted by a General Meeting, and without any responsibilities for losses or damages. No indemnity whatsoever will be due to the past National Branch.

9.8. A National Branch will adopt the Ethics Code of ECPP, except the points that could infringe upon their national laws, and will institute an Ethics Committee.

It will strive to function according to the ethical principles of ECPP.

9.9. A National Branch may organize seminars, congresses, training courses and other activities that will promote the principles and goals of ECPP.

9.10. A National Branch has the obligation to institute a Certification Committee for all matters related to ECPP certificates. This Committee includes at least three members certified by ECPP.

9.11. Procedures and criteria for certification of individual members and accreditation of training institutes are contained in the Certification and Accreditation Code of ECPP (C.A.Code).

9.12. A National Branch will pay ECPP invoices upon receipt.

9.13. A National Branch will keep the Secretary of ECPP informed of any changes concerning a certified member by means of sending a new Application Form.
A certified member, who is no longer a member of the National Branch, will be withdrawn from the Register.

• Chapter 10: Modifications

All modifications of this Code of Internal Policies are made by the Board and voted by a two third majority, except for all matters for which only the General Meeting is legally or statutorily competent.